Recently, many individuals having both Vietnamese nationality and another such as American, Australian, Cyprus… attract great public attention. The question is whether dual citizenship is recognized in Vietnam?
Today, it is not uncommon for individuals to hold dual citizenship. Being a recognised citizen of a country has many advantages when they do business or live in such country. Vietnamese investors who are going to live abroad want to know whether multiple citizenship is recognized in Vietnam? The issues related to nationality are very important to overseas Vietnamese, especially for those having dual citizenship.
The nationality reflects the cohesive relationship between individuals and the specific State, giving rise to the rights and obligations of such citizens that regulated in the law of the State. Nationality is sustainable in nature from birth and only changes in some cases, subject to certain conditions.
Dual citizenship or multiple citizenship is the legal status of a person who has citizenship in two countries at the same time, subject to the recognision of the countries’ law. He/she is entitled to all the legal rights and obligations granted by the countries of which they are holding its nationality.
A large majority of countries today accept dual citizenship for immigrants. Having two or more nationalities is very important to the Vietnamese who are going to settle abroad. Most Vietnamese want the State of Vietnam to recognize dual or multiple citizenship, including both Vietnamese nationality and foreign nationality, especially developed countries such as the USA, Australia, Canada… Therefore, amendment to the Law on Vietnamese Nationality promulgated on November 13, 2008, brings joy to Vietnamese residing abroad because they still retain their Vietnamese nationality.
Dual citizens will enjoy the economic, political, welfare privileges and rights offered by the countries of which they are recognized as citizens. They have the right to live, study and work, enjoy health care, own a company in their own name, own and purchase of real estate, sponsor relatives, vote and stand for election, conduct a business, establish their own company in the country they live… Another advantage, they are not required to apply for a visa or permanent residence card in case they want to enter and exit the country where they are holding its citizenship. Even if they encounter some unexpected incident, they will receive support and protection from ambassadors of the countries of which they are holding citizenship.
More specifically, if they are recognized as citizens of European countries, they have the right to freedom of movement to more than 160 EU countries without visa application. Their children will also enjoy the world’s most advanced education system in Europe as well as tuition-free for public school from grade 1 to 12…
Article 4 of the Law on Vietnamese Nationality stipulates the principle of nationality: “The State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam recognizes that Vietnamese citizens have a sole nationality, Vietnamese nationality, unless it is otherwise provided for by this Law“.
Thus, in principle, Vietnamese citizens have a sole nationality, Vietnamese nationality. However, in case it is otherwise provided for by the law, Vietnamese citizens still have right of holding multiple nationalities.
What are the circumstances?
The four circumstances in which Vietnamese citizens can possess dual citizenship as follows:
And satisfied all of the below conditions:
And satisfied all of the below conditions:
For example, using an Australian passport to enter Japan because visa is not required, while a Vietnamese passport needs a visa. Or using a Vietnamese passport to enter Indonesia because of visa exemption, while Australian passports needs a visa. Therefore, it is not always convenient to hold American, Australian or British passports. Vietnamese passport is quite convenient when traveling between ASEAN countries.
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Le & Tran Building – Headquarters: Area No. 284 (Bld 9), Nguyen Trong Tuyen Street, Ward 10, Phu Nhuan District, Ho Chi Minh City
Saigon Tower – City Center Office: Unit 8, Level 16, 29 Le Duan Blvd, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Daeha Business Center – Ha Noi Office: No.1606, 16th Floor, 360 Kim Ma Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi City